Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Help (7th Edition) - Top Nav: Tables & Figures (Images)

APA: Tables and Figures

Information is summarized from the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020). Tables usually convey numerical information and/or textual information in a rows and columns format (p. 195).  More information on using APA formatted tables and figures is available in Chapter 7 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) or online at https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/index

Tables

Tables:

  • Use tables for the purpose of simplifying text.
  • In text, refer (callout) to every table. 
    • eg. "As shown in Table 2, the..."
    • eg. "(see Table 2)."
  • Number tables in the order they are first mentioned in text beginning with Table 1.  Table numbers should be in bold and flush to the left one double-spaced line above the table title. 
  • Italicize the table title.
  • DO NOT WRITE "the table above" or "the table below."
  • Be consistent in the formatting and vocabulary of all tables when writing a paper..
  • Ensure each column has a heading.
  • Capitalize ONLY the first letter of the first word of all headings.
  • Notes are placed below the table.
  • If the table is from another source, include a copyright attribution as part of the table note below the table specifying whether it is from another source or adapted from another source.  A reference entry for the source of the table is also required.
    • eg. "Note. From..."
    • eg. "Note. Adapted from..."
    • eg. "Note. The data in column 1 are from..." 

Table Examples

Example

See Table 1 as a guide to the formatting of a tableThe following tables and notes are each adapted from: American Psychological Association (2019). Tables and figures. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/index

 

[Click on the tables to view a full-size image]

Note. Basic Table Components.  Adapted from "Basic Components of a Table" by American Psychological Association, 2020, Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), p. 200 (https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000). Copyright 2020 by the American Psychological Association.

 

Note. Sample table showing proper copyright attribution.  From "Table 7.14 Sample Factor Analysis Table" by American Psychological Association, 2020, Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), p. 218 (https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000). Copyright 2020 by the American Psychological Association.

Figures and Images

Figures

  • A figure is any type of illustration or nontextual depiction of information other than a table (chart, graph, map, photograph, or drawing).
  • Use figures to complement or simplify the text of a paper.
  • In text, refer (callout) to every figure. 
    • eg. "As shown in Figure 2, the..."
    • eg. "(see Figure 2)."
  • Number figures in the order they are first mentioned in text beginning with Figure 1.  Figure numbers should be in bold and flush to the left one double-spaced line above the figure title.
  • Italicize the figure title
  • DO NOT WRITE "the figure above" or "the figure below."
  • Figures should be large enough to read easily (between 8 point and 14 point font with sans serif typeface) and convey only essential information.
  • Ensure that figures are simple, clear and consistent in presentation and vocabulary.
  • Ensure data are plotted accurately and the grid scale is proportioned.
  • Place labels close to the identified item.
  • Axis labels on graphs should be parallel to their axes.
  • Figure notes provide clarification the contents of a figure not already included in the figure or the figure legend.
  • Double-space the note and place it below the figure.
  • The figure legend (key) should be positioned within the borders or below the figure, when possible, and should explain any symbols in the figure.

Figure Examples

Example

The following figures and notes are each adapted from:

American Psychological Association (2019). Tables and figures. APA Style. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/index

[Click on the figure to view full-size]

Note. Basic Figure Components.  Adapted from "Basic Components of a Figure" by American Psychological Association, 2020, Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), p. 226 (https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000). Copyright 2020 by the American Psychological Association.

 

 

Note. Sample figure (map) showing proper copyright attribution.  From "Figure 7.14 Sample Map" by American Psychological Association, 2020, Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.), p. 244 (https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000). Copyright 2020 by the American Psychological Association.

 

Placement of Tables and Figures

According to the APA (2020), the tables and figures can be placed in one of two areas of a paper: 1) with each table or figure on a separate page following the reference list (tables first, followed by figures), or 2) embed each table or figure into the text following the first callout (p. 198).  

Check with your instructor concerning requirements about the placement of tables and figures.

Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice | Federal Disclosures | State Disclosures | Title IXAccreditation

West Coast University © 2021 All Rights Reserved