Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

AMA Help (11th Edition)

Running head / Running foot

  • The running head is a shortened version the paper's full title
  • Contains 50 characters max (including spaces, letters, punctuation)
  • When this information appears at the top of the page, it is called a running head; when it appears at the bottom of the page, it is called a running foot
  • Flush left
  • UPPERCASE letters
  • Example: Running head: ABBREVIATED TITLE
  • Typically added during editing/production process
  • Authors are not usually required to submit such information (pg. 19), please consult professor regarding running head formatting

Title Page

AMA does not give specific formatting instructions for a title page, but it should include the following:

  • Title
  • Authors name
  • Degrees (above bachelors)
  • Email addresses 
  • Institutional affiliation 
  • Word count (text only, excluding title, abstract, references, tables, and figures)



 Title of Paper: Upper and Lowercase Lettering

First Name, Middle Initial, Last Name

Email address

School Affiliation

Word Count







TITLE OF PAPER                                                                                                                                                                                                    


[Context] Begin the abstract with a sentence or two explaining the clinical importance of the study question.  [Objective] State the precise objective of the report.  [Design] Describe basic design of the study.  [Setting] Describe the study setting to assist readers to determine applicability of report to other circumstances.  [Participants] Provide number of participants and how they were selected.  [Interventions] Describe essential features of any interventions.  [Main Outcome Measure(s)] Indicate primary study outcome measurements.  [Results] Provide and quantify the main outcomes of the study.  [Conclusions] Provide only conclusions of the study directly supported by the results. 

Keywords: keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3




Structured Abstracts

  • Used for reports of original data, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, and clinical reviews
  • Includes no more than 350 words
  • Contains the headings: Context, Objective, Design, Setting, Participants, Interventions, Main Outcome Measure(s), Results, Conclusions (pg.21)

Unstructured Abstracts

  • Used for any other major manuscript
  • No more than 200 words
  • Paragraph with no headings
  • Summarizes the objective, main points, and conclusions of article

Keywords: Some medical journals publish a short list (3-10 terms) of keywords at the end of the abstract.  The author provides these terms because they represent key topics presented in the article.

  • Added at the end of the abstract
  • Terms the author believes represent the key topics presented in the article (pg. 24)

Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice | Federal Disclosures | State Disclosures | Title IXAccreditation

Student Consumer Information | BPPE Annual Report & Performance Fact Sheets | BPPE Website | Catalog | Careers With Us

West Coast University © 2022 All Rights Reserved