This page provides information on writing in an ethical manner.
The American Psychological Association (APA, 2020), notes, to avoid plagiarism, be sure to provide credit to a source using the author-date citation system, whenever you:
- directly quote a source
- state the ideas of a source in your own words i.e. paraphrase
- reprint or adapt a table or figure, including those freely available on the internet or licensed in Create Commons
- refer to data or data sets
- reprint a long-text passage or commercially copyrighted test item (p. 255).
Providing proper citations involves two parts: an in-text citation, and a complete reference list entry. "Each work cited in the text must [emphasis added] appear in the reference list, and each work in the reference list must [emphasis added] be cited in the text" (p. 257).
It is unethical to:
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
For more information on plagiarism, please see the American Psychological Associations Avoiding Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism document. https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/avoiding-plagiarism.pdf