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APA Help (7th Edition)




The abstract is a brief summary of your paper. It typically includes the problem being

studied, the participants, study method, and the general finding of the study. It should

be written in 150–250 words and the body of the abstract should have no indentation. 

Following the abstract, keywords can be added to enhance the user's ability to find the

paper. An example of how keywords are included following the abstract can be found


Keywords: keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3, keyword 4, keyword 5




APA style requires you to include:

  • The page number in the top right corner
  • The section label Abstract centered and in boldface at the top of the page
  • Do not indent the abstract


  • Can be embedded to enhance the user's ability to find the paper (optional)
  • Speak with your instructors to determine if an abstract is needed for your assignment(s)

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