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APA Help (7th Edition)

What goes in an In-Text Citation

In-text citations follow the author-date citation system.  Each citation has two parts (APA, 2020, p. 261-63):

  1. a brief in-text citation comprised of, at minimum, the author(s) names, and the year of publication, and
  2. a corresponding reference list entry.

In-text citations follow two basic formats:

  • Parenthetical - where the author's name and year of publication appear in parentheses, separated by a comma.  When a parenthetical citation is at the end of a sentence, the period or other punctuation appears outside the closing parenthesis.
  • Narrative - where the author's name and year of publication are included as part of the text
  • Please note that only the year appears in the in-text citation entry.  A page or paragraph number will always go at the end of the quotation or paraphrase in parentheses.

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).


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